Dr. Vaishali Shah is a dietician, cosmetologist and expert in skin treatments. She is armed with the latest technologies related to microdermabrasion, laser for skin and hair, Thermage for anti-ageing, acne treatments, scar reduction, skin whitening with Gluta, facelifting and toning, face contouring, skin peels, Ayurveda treatment and hair treatment.
She also specialises in weight management programs like HIFU, U-lipo, laser fat reduction , cool sculpting, cellulite therapy, breast enhancement, tummy tuck, body toning and firming and body detox. Here, she answers all our queries related to acne.
1. What are the main causes of acne in women?
Acne is mainly known as a teenagers problem but more and more people today suffer from adult acne. During teenage years, acne is developed on the T-zone area like forehead, nose and chin whereas adults majorly get acne on the U-zone area i.e. side of the cheeks, jaws, chin and neck. Some of the factors / causes which result in acne especially in women are:
- Excess oil production
- Hair follicles clogged by oil and dead skin cells
- Hormonal changes during puberty
- Hormone changes as an adult. The menstrual cycle is one of the most common acne triggers
- Excessive usage of cosmetics
- Greasy food
- Lack of hygiene
Women often experience fluctuating hormonal changes during periods. Another reason could be stress – when a person is in stress, the body tends to produce more androgens. Other reasons for acne in adulthood could be family history, even the cosmetic product we use could create a problem of acne.
2. What are the treatment options for acne ?
The non-prescription way to treat acne is as follows:
- Soap and water could help reduce acne
- Cleansers could be a better method for removing acne – they mostly contain benzoyl peroxide
- Salicylic acid : this tends to help to correct the abnormal shedding of cells. For milder acne salicylic acid helps to resolve or prevent the acne problems
- Alcohol and acetone
- Herbal, organic and natural medication
The prescription treatment for acne would be:
- Antibiotics can be used directly on the skin or can be taken orally which tends to lower the bacteria causing acne and prevent inflammation
- Azelaic acid which comes in the form of gel or cream with anti inflammatory properties
3. How are pimples related to the monthly menstrual cycle?
Period acne differs from other acne as the pimple breakouts are on the lower half of your face, jawline and neck. Around the mid-cycle, the progesterone rises and causes sebaceous glands in our skin to produce more sebum. Sebum is an oily substance that will get collected in skin pores, resulting in the skin becoming oily. The oil is the place where most of the bacteria grow.
4. How are acne problems related to hormonal changes?
Whether it’s that first zit as a teenager or the imbalance of your hormones, at one point in life we have all struggled with acne. Acne is a skin condition that occurs when pores become clogged by dead skin cells resulting in accumulation of sebum (aka : oil). Bacteria within the pores can also contribute to pore blockage and inflamed blemishes that contain pus.
In most of the cases, it’s the fluctuation of hormones. Hormones stimulate the oil glands to produce more sebum blocking the pores. Bacteria can then grow within the pores, causing them to become inflamed and break out.
5. Can food allergies cause acne?
Yes, food allergies also cause acne in teenagers and adults. Swelling and inflammation of the skin is one of the symptoms of allergies; acne is simply another kind of inflammation. If you notice acne appearing after you eat a particular food, you may have a food allergy.
Processed and refined foods including white bread, biscuits and sweets have a high GI (glycaemic index), which means they cause a rapid rise in blood sugar levels. This triggers the production of hormones such as insulin, which we now believe can make acne worse.
6. How does exercise affect acne? Is it beneficial?
Exercise, yoga, meditation and breathing awareness are all great tools in controlling acne. In women and teenage girls, fat can convert ‘good hormones’ (oestrogens) into ‘bad hormones’ that have testosterone-like actions – a contributing factor to acne. Maintaining a healthy weight can help reduce the risk of developing acne and reduce its severity.
Exercise not only helps to lose weight or maintain your ideal weight but it reduces insulin output, which can contribute to acne. Exercise can also help to reduce stress – another cause for acne breakouts. Additionally, you can sweat out impurities and excess oil – just make sure to cleanse and wash your skin properly post workout.
7. Does regular sex improve acne related problems?
Like other forms of exercise, sex increases blood flow to the skin, which will give you a brighter complexion. The more energy expended translates to better circulation and higher blood pressure, leading to increased hydration. You can prevent menstrual acne through the energy you use in sexual activity. It improves the quality of your skin and helps in some instances to fight acne.
Sex can help to balance your hormone levels, which may help in keeping your skin clear. It improves blood circulation, which helps to deliver oxygen to your skin. There is a positive impact on your immune system which may help in fighting inflammation and infection caused by acne bacteria in your clogged pores.
8. What options are available for treating scars left by acne?
Chemical Peels: This is a body treatment technique that uses a chemical solution to remove the damaged outer layers of the skin. which eventually improves and smoothens the texture of the skin, often it’s done on the facial skin.
Jet Facial: Jet Facial reaches the inner layers of skin for instant and far superior results. It cleanses with oxygen and saline, exfoliates, boosts lymphatic drainage and provides extraction benefits. Thoroughly and deeply cleansed, skin is prepped into an optimal condition to receive further benefits from skin care.
Lasers For Scar Improvement: A scar is an unpleasant reminder of a healthy body process, created when your skin repairs a wound caused by an accident, infection, inflammation, or surgery. We use a high-powered laser to remove the top layer of skin that has been scarred. The laser also penetrates to the skin’s middle layers, tightening and smoothening the skin.
Carbon Dioxide Laser: Carbon Dioxide Laser is a treatment option for raised birthmarks, moles, scarring from acne and sun-damaged skin. There’s evidence that laser resurfacing is an effective non-surgical way of improving the appearance of acne scars and other skin conditions.
Microneedle Radiofrequency For Scars: Microneedle RF is one of the most advanced medical technologies used for skin rejuvenation, tightening, body sculpting, and scar remodelling. Deep or fine wrinkles, scars, blood vessels, discoloured red and brown skin tone can all be effectively treated by this treatment.
9. Tell us about the few interesting cases you successfully treated acne?
We have been treating many patients/clients for various skin, hair and weight loss related issues. These are a few clients who took acne treatment from us and they shared their experience and feedback by revealing their before and after pictures.
Mariyam: I was referred to Dr Vaishali through my friend and as per her consultation she advised me to start with acne treatment and skin lightening. I used to visit her clinic, Slim Feel Beauty Care clinic located in South Mumbai (Napean Sea road) every month and within 3 months I could see remarkable results for my acne and acne scars. My skin has become soft, clear and the acne has reduced drastically. I would like to thank Dr Vaishali and the team for helping me in the journey.
Pooja: I met Dr Vaishali, she patiently heard my case and recommended me the required treatment for Acne. Since then my life has changed, I could see that my acne has almost disappeared. For better results for acne scars, she recommended me to do skin lightening treatment and now I have a clear skin which is glowing and looks fresh every time I step out of the house.
Nancy: Dr Vaishali Shah is an amazing cosmetologist. I went for Acne and hair treatment. She is very polite and has helped me to get rid of acne and given me hairfall treatment. Within 2-3 months I could see the difference how my skin felt, my acne reduced with the treatment and my hair fall issue has also reduced. I’m extremely happy with the results and have recommended my friends who are facing the similar issue. She is the one who suggested the right treatment and post treatment care and now my skin feels happy and the acne scars have improved drastically.
Hope you have benefited from reading Dr Vaishali Shah’s interview and now know the treatment options available for acne and skin problems. Stay tuned to CineBlitz for more health and lifestyle related articles.